School Finance: Chapter 70 Program
FY15 Chapter 70 Aid and Net School Spending Requirements
July 11, 2014
On July 11, 2014, Governor Patrick signed the FY15 state budget which authorizes $4,400,696,187 in Chapter 70 education aid to Massachusetts school districts. This budget increases aid by $99.5 million or 2.3 percent. Every operating district receives at least $25 in additional aid per student, and 59 operating districts receive increases so that they can keep pace with increases in their foundation budgets.
On March 12th, the Massachusetts House of Representatives adopted a local aid resolution for FY15. The Massachusetts Senate adopted the same resolution on March 13th. The resolution lists the same Chapter 70 aid amounts as proposed in Governor Patrick's House 1 in January. The final state budget reflects that same aid distribution.
Here are some of the key points about the proposal:
- The aggregate wealth model used in the formula since FY07 continues to be in effect. For municipalities with required contributions above their targets, the equity component of the formula is reduced by 50% of the gap.
- 59 operating districts receive foundation aid to ensure that they do not fall below their foundation budgets.
- 94 operating districts receive downpayment aid to bring them closer to their target aid share.
- 201 operating districts receive minimum per pupil aid to ensure that they receive an increase of at least $25 per pupil over FY14.
- Foundation budgets are raised by an inflation factor of 0.86 percent.
- Enrollment grew by .3 percent; forty-one percent of districts saw increases of as much as 18 percent.
- The cap on regular education pre-kindergarten enrollment, previously at twice the number of special education pre-kindergarten enrollment, is lifted. Districts can now count all enrolled pre-kindergarten students provided they do not pay tuition.
- Acton and Boxborough fully merge into one K-12 district, where previously they had been regionalized at the 7-12 level.
- Essex Agricultural Technical merges with North Shore Regional Vocational to form a new regional vocational district. Peabody joins as a member.
The Department of Elementary and Secondary Education has prepared the following materials to assist local officials in understanding the state aid calculations and local contribution requirements in this year's Chapter 70 program:
Summary chart, showing foundation enrollment, foundation budget, Chapter 70 aid, and required local contributions for each school district.
Summary chart for regional school districts, showing foundation enrollment and required local contribution for each member of the district.
Powerpoint presentation, describing the major components of the formula.
White paper, describing the major components of the formula in greater detail.
Complete formula spreadsheet, showing the detailed calculations for each municipality and district
Questions about the Chapter 70 program should be directed to: