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Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Curriculum Framework - October 1999

Community and Public Health

Community and Public Health focuses on characteristics of a healthy community, the contribution of public health, the functions and purposes of community and public health agencies, and skills for health promotion and collaboration.

In Community and Public Health, students are introduced to the connections between all aspects of their community, both in and out of school, and the health of themselves and others. Students gain an understanding of why rules about health exist at home and at school and why those rules should be followed by themselves, their peers, and their family members. Opportunities to examine how laws, policies, and practices influence health locally, nationally, and internationally are an important part of Community and Public Health. The recognition of the contribution of public health to the quality of life is a key component of Community and Public Health. By learning how the actions of people affect the community as a whole, students understand how participating in school and community efforts supports positive health behaviors on many levels. Instruction in Community and Public Health also teaches students how to access community health services as well as information about agencies and organizations that support health. Topics generally covered in Community and Public Health include: School and Community Efforts, Social Factors, and Public Health.

PreK-12 Standard 14: Community and Public Health

Students will learn the influence of social factors on health, the contribution of public health, and will gain skills to promote health and to collaborate with others to facilitate healthy, safe, and supportive communities.

Learning Standards: Community and Public Health

PreK-5 School and Community Efforts
14.1 List the jobs carried out by people at school and in the community that support health and success in school.
Social Factors
14.2 Identify ways the physical environment is related to individual and community health.
Public Health
14.3 List practices and products that make living safer.
6-8 School and Community Efforts
14.4 Identify how individuals can be knowledgeable and active in the school and community to promote health.
Social Factors
14.5 Identify the origins and accuracy of facts in social messages that promote healthy and unhealthy behaviors.
Public Health
14.6 Describe how local public health departments have developed and implemented policies to keep communities safe.
9-12 School and Community Efforts
14.7 Analyze the effects of diseases on the community and society.
14.8 Evaluate the availability and quality of services for community health.
14.9 Explain how service in community health can improve the physical health of community members.
Social Factors
14.10 Identify prevalent health concerns and health promotion initiatives in the United States and compare with other parts of the world.
Public Health
14.11 Identify the functions of the school, health department, and other community and public health and social service agencies in health promotion and disease prevention through community health initiatives and observances.

Selected Examples: Community and Public Health

14.1 Invite community helpers to speak about the contribution of their occupation to community and/or public health and answer questions from students.

14.4 Students create public service announcements about how community events (such as walk-a-thons, fund-raisers, forums, and screenings) support community health. Students may elect to participate with the permission of, or accompanied by, parents or guardians.

14.10 Students select a communicable disease (such as tuberculosis, E. Coli, AIDS/HIV), chart the prevalence, and research the factors affecting their spread and types of treatment. Use e-mail to share information with student groups in other countries.

Interdisciplinary Learning Objectives: Community and Public Health

6-8 14.a. (Law & Policy. Connects with History & Social Science: Civics & Government) Describe local, state, and national laws and regulations that promote public health and the safety of the community.

9-12 14.b. (Law & Policy. Connects with History & Social Science: Civics & Government) Examine the public health legislative process.

14.c. (Law & Policy. Connects with History & Social Science: Chronology & Cause) Analyze the reciprocal relationships among social, economic, and environmental factors and community and public health.

14.d. (Law & Policy. Connects with History & Social Science: Civics & Government) Describe the implementation of public health policies, initiatives, and laws, and their subsequent contribution to the quality of life.

14.e. (Health Statistics. Connects with Mathematics: Statistics & Probability) Learn to evaluate local, national, and international health related statistics.

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Last Updated: October 1, 1999
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