Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Curriculum Framework - October 1999
Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Use/Abuse Prevention
Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Use/Abuse Prevention addresses safe and unsafe substances, effects on the body and health, and drug dependence. This area deals with critical thinking to incorporate accurate, relevant information into health-enhancing decisions and taking responsibility for one's health. This includes skills such as how to negotiate, refusal skills, and how to seek assistance for abuse and addiction. Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Use/Abuse Prevention provides information and skills training to promote good health for self, peers, family members, the school, and the larger community.
The use of tobacco, alcohol, and other substances is quite prevalent among young people and has major implications for the health of individuals and society. Tobacco use continues to be the leading preventable cause of death in the United States, while alcohol and other drug use also cause significant morbidity and exact a high social cost. Appropriate use of medications and avoidance of dangerous substances require an understanding about the benefits and risks of these substances, responsible personal conduct, and enhanced health decision-making that address the influence of peers, the family, and society. Health education provides appropriate information about behaviors related to substance use and abuse. Topics generally covered in Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Use/Abuse Prevention include: Effects on the Body and Healthy Decisions.
PreK-12 Standard 10: Tobacco, Alcohol, & Substance Use/Abuse Prevention
Students will acquire the knowledge and skills to be competent in making health-enhancing decisions regarding the use of medications and avoidance of substances, and in communicating about substance use/abuse prevention for healthier homes, schools, and communities.
Learning Standards: Tobacco, Alcohol, & Other Substance Use/Abuse
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10.1 Identify and distinguish between substances that are safe and unsafe to be taken by mouth.
10.2 Describe the purpose of medicines (prescription and over-the-counter) and how they can be used or misused in the treatment of common medical problems.
10.3 Describe how tobacco and prolonged exposure to cigarette smoke affects the body.
10.4 Identify whom to seek help from for a possible poisoning or overdose.
|| Effects on the Body|
10.5 Describe addictions to alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, and methods for intervention, treatment, and cessation.
10.6 List the potential outcomes of prevalent early and late adolescent risk behaviors related to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs, including the general pattern and continuum of risk behaviors involving substances that young people might follow.
10.7 Identify internal factors (such as character) and external factors (such as family, peers, community, faith-based affiliation, and media) that influence the decision of young people to use or not to use drugs.
10.8 Demonstrate ways of refusing and of sharing preventive health information about tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs with peers.
|| Effects on the Body|
10.9 Describe the relationship between multi-drug use and the increased negative effects on the body, including the stages of addiction, and overdose.
10.10 Describe the harmful effects of tobacco, alcohol, and other substances on pregnant women and their unborn children.
10.11 Explain the consequences of driving under the influence of alcohol and other drugs, including the effects on passengers when the driver is impaired.
10.12 Explain the physical, financial, social, and psychological cost of addiction.
10.13 Demonstrate the ability to make informed decisions regarding the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
10.14 Describe the influence of drug abuse on family members.
10.15 Apply promotion skills to encourage healthy behaviors (such as identifying and evaluating initiatives and opportunities for promotion, collecting and disseminating information, and modeling).
Selected Examples: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substances Use/Abuse Prevention
10.1 Students sort pictures of food products, beverages, medicines, and vitamins into three categories--Safe to Eat, Not Safe to Eat, Things I Need to Ask About.
10.6 Students generate ideas of what the term "gateway" means in relation to substance abuse and map out a series of behaviors that begin with such "gateway" behaviors.
10.8 Students research and give an oral report on the effects of second-hand smoke.
10.9 Students research the increased chances of death from alcohol poisoning when alcohol is combined with marijuana.
10.11 Students role-play refusing to drive and/or ride in a vehicle when the driver is impaired by substances.
10.13 Students generate a list of alternatives to teenage drinking, tobacco, and other substance use.
10.15 In a roundtable discussion, students identify and consider a variety of viewpoints when solving problems related to alcohol use enforcement during school sports and other school-related activities. Select strategies through consensus building and report solutions to the student government and parent-teacher groups.
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