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Mathematics Curriculum Framework - November 2000

Learning Standards by Strand

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability for Grades 3-4

cross symbol
Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them
solid circle symbol
Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data
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Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data
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Understand and apply basic concepts of probability

Learning Standards

Students engage in problem solving, communicating, reasoning, connecting, and representing as they:

Collect and organize data using observations, measurements, surveys, or experiments, and identify appropriate ways to display the data. cross symbol
Match a representation of a data set such as lists, tables, or graphs (including circle graphs) with the actual set of data. solid circle symbol
Construct, draw conclusions, and make predictions from various representations of data sets, including tables, bar graphs, pictographs, line graphs, line plots, and tallies. solid triangle symbol
Represent the possible outcomes for a simple probability situation, e.g., the probability of drawing a red marble from a bag containing three red marbles and four green marbles. solid square symbol
List and count the number of possible combinations of objects from three sets, e.g., how many different outfits can one make from a set of three shirts, a set of two skirts, and a set of two hats? solid square symbol
Classify outcomes as certain, likely, unlikely, or impossible by designing and conducting experiments using concrete objects such as counters, number cubes, spinners, or coins. solid square symbol


Exploratory Concepts and Skills

  • Explore the concepts of median, mode, maximum and minimum, and range.
  • Discuss what data-collection methods are appropriate for various types of investigations.
  • Explore situations that involve probabilities of equally likely events.
  • Investigate the construction of simple circle graphs.


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Learning Standards for Grades 1-2
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Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability
Learning Standards for Grades 5-6

Last Updated: November 1, 2000
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