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Mathematics Curriculum Framework - November 2000

Learning Standards by Strand

Measurement for Grades 3-4

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Understand measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and processes of measurement
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Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine measurements

Learning Standards

Students engage in problem solving, communicating, reasoning, connecting, and representing as they:

Demonstrate an understanding of such attributes as length, area, weight, and volume, and select the appropriate type of unit for measuring each attribute. cross symbol
Carry out simple unit conversions within a system of measurement, e.g., hours to minutes, cents to dollars, yards to feet or inches, etc. cross symbol
Identify time to the minute on analog and digital clocks using a.m. and p.m. Compute elapsed time using a clock (e.g., hours and minutes since…) and using a calendar (e.g., days since…). solid circle symbol
Estimate and find area and perimeter of a rectangle, triangle, or irregular shape using diagrams, models, and grids or by measuring. solid circle symbol
Identify and use appropriate metric and English units and tools (e.g., ruler, angle ruler, graduated cylinder, thermometer) to estimate, measure, and solve problems involving length, area, volume, weight, time, angle size, and temperature. solid circle symbol


Exploratory Concepts and Skills

  • Develop the concepts of area and perimeter by investigating areas and perimeters of regular and irregular shapes created on dot paper, coordinate grids, or geoboards.
  • Use concrete objects to explore volumes and surface areas of rectangular prisms.
  • Investigate the use of protractors to measure angles.
  • Identify common measurements of turns, e.g., 360° in one full turn, 180° in a half turn, and 90° in a quarter turn.
  • Investigate areas of right triangles.
  • Understand that measurements are approximations and investigate how differences in units affect precision.


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Learning Standards for Grades 5-6

Last Updated: November 1, 2000
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