




Archived Information
Mathematics Curriculum Framework  November 2000
Learning Standards
Number Sense and Operations for Grades 1112

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems 

Understand meanings of operations and how they relate to one another


Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates 
Learning Standards
Students engage in problem solving, communicating, reasoning, connecting, and representing as they:
12.N.1 
Define complex numbers (e.g., a + bi) and operations on them, in particular, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Relate the system of complex numbers to the systems of real and rational numbers.

12.N.2 
Simplify numerical expressions with powers and roots, including fractional and negative exponents. 
Exploratory Concepts and Skills
for Grades 1112 and SingleSubject Courses
 Investigate special topics in number theory, e.g., the use of prime numbers in cryptography.
 Use polarcoordinate representations of complex numbers (i.e., a + bi = r(cosθ + isinθ)) and DeMoivre's theorem to multiply, take roots, and raise numbers to a power.
 Plot complex numbers using both rectangular and polar coordinate systems.
Selected Problems or Classroom Activities
[ MCAS  NCTM  Other Sources  Interactive  View/Print All]
< Previous PageNumber Sense and Operations Learning Standards for Grades 910 Next Page >Patterns, Relations, and Algebra Learning Standards for Grades PreKK
Last Updated: November 1, 2000


