Archived Information
Mathematics Curriculum Framework  November 2000
Learning Standards
Patterns, Relations, and Algebra for Grades 910

Understand patterns, relations, and functions 

Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using algebraic symbols 

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships 

Analyze change in various contexts 
Learning Standards
Students engage in problem solving, communicating, reasoning, connecting, and representing as they:
10.P.1 
Describe, complete, extend, analyze, generalize, and create a wide variety of patterns, including iterative, recursive (e.g., Fibonacci Numbers), linear, quadratic, and exponential functional relationships.

10.P.2 
Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between various representations of a line. Determine a line's slope and x and yintercepts from its graph or from a linear equation that represents the line. Find a linear equation describing a line from a graph or a geometric description of the line, e.g., by using the "pointslope" or "slope yintercept" formulas. Explain the significance of a positive, negative, zero, or undefined slope.

10.P.3 
Add, subtract, and multiply polynomials. Divide polynomials by monomials.

10.P.4 
Demonstrate facility in symbolic manipulation of polynomial and rational expressions by rearranging and collecting terms; factoring (e.g., a^{2}  b^{2} = (a + b)(a  b), x^{2} + 10x + 21 = (x + 3)(x + 7), 5x^{4} + 10x^{3}  5x^{2} = 5x^{2} (x^{2} + 2x  1)); identifying and canceling common factors in rational expressions; and applying the properties of positive integer exponents.

10.P.5 
Find solutions to quadratic equations (with real roots) by factoring, completing the square, or using the quadratic formula. Demonstrate an understanding of the equivalence of the methods.

10.P.6 
Solve equations and inequalities including those involving absolute value of linear expressions (e.g., x  2 > 5) and apply to the solution of problems.

10.P.7 
Solve everyday problems that can be modeled using linear, reciprocal, quadratic, or exponential functions. Apply appropriate tabular, graphical, or symbolic methods to the solution. Include compound interest, and direct and inverse variation problems. Use technology when appropriate.

10.P.8 
Solve everyday problems that can be modeled using systems of linear equations or inequalities. Apply algebraic and graphical methods to the solution. Use technology when appropriate. Include mixture, rate, and work problems. 
Exploratory Concepts and Skills
for Grades 910 and SingleSubject Courses
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Last Updated: November 1, 2000
