Science & Technology Curriculum Framework
Owning The Questions
Owning the Questions
If students are to come to know and own the questions of science and technology, they need to engage with them the way scientists and technologists do. Asking questions and evaluating evidence are central to this inquiry.
This core concept is further defined for the classroom by four strands that are broad statements about what students should know and be able to do as learners of science and technology. Each strand reflects the central rationale of the inquiry process and the importance of owning the questions by focusing on essential knowledge, skills, and strategies that students need in order to become scientifically and technologically literate.
Strand 1: Inquiry
Lifelong learners are able to use the methods of inquiry to participate in scientific investigation and technological problem solving.
Strand 2: Domains of Science
Lifelong learners are able to understand and apply the principles, laws, and fundamental understandings of the natural sciences.
Strand 3: Technology
Lifelong learners are able to understand and apply the design process and the use of technology in society.
Strand 4: Science, Technology, and Human Affairs
Lifelong learners understand questions and problems of science and technology in the context of human affairs.
Each Strand includes a narrative description, specific learning standards, and vignettes and examples that illustrate the standards in action.
These are organized by grade span and provide specificity with regard to what students should know and be able to do at the end of each grade span (PreK-4, 5-8, 9-10, and 11-12). During grades 11 and 12 options are designed to prepare students for post-secondary study in the liberal arts, technical fields, or the workplace. The options designated provide the main focus for the student's two years of study. However, it should be noted that internship experiences, technology-engineering courses, and in-depth, within-school study of key topics in the sciences and in technology are important options for all students.
These learning standards are equally applicable to the adult learners enrolled in learning centers throughout the state. Adult educators are strongly encouraged to implement the learning standards and adapt them according to the literacy and experiential levels of their students.
The National Science Education Standards developed by the National Research Council, Benchmarks for Science Literacy developed by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and other state and national reform documents inform this effort. The work of The International Technology Education Association informs the technology standards.