Science and Technology/Engineering
A comprehensive science and technology/engineering education program enrolls all students from PreK through grade 12.
Students benefit from studying science and technology/engineering throughout all their years of schooling. They should learn the fundamental concepts of each domain of science, as well as the connections across those domains and to technology/engineering. The purpose of this framework is to delineate what knowledge is essential if students are to attain understanding of basic scientific concepts before graduation from high school.
Students in grades PreK-5 should have science instruction on a regular basis every year. Approximately one-quarter of their science time in PreK-5 should be devoted to technology/engineering. In middle school, they should have a full year of science study every year. Within the grades 6-8 span, students should also have one year of technology/engineering education in addition to three years of science. Schools may choose to offer technology/ engineering as a semester course in each of two years; as a full year course in grade 8; or in three units, one each year in grades 6, 7, and 8. In grades 9 and 10, all students should have full-year laboratory-based science courses, and in grades 11 and 12, they should take more science courses or pursue advanced study in science through advanced placement courses, independent research, or study of special topics. In technology/engineering at the high school level, students may take semester- or year-long coursework in this area to complement or extend their study of science and mathematics.