Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Go to Selected Program Area
Massachusetts State Seal
Students & Families Educators & Administrators Teaching, Learning & Testing Data & Accountability Finance & Funding About the Department Education Board  

Archived Information

Science and Technology/Engineering
Curriculum Framework - Spring 2001

Biology, Grades 9 or 10

Previous Next 

Additional Ideas for Developing Investigations and Learning Experiences and Suggested Extensions to Learning in Technology/Engineering are in Appendix III.

Structure and Function of Cells

Broad Concept: All living things are composed of cells. Life processes in a cell are based on molecular interactions.

2.1 Relate cell parts/organelles to their functions.*
2.2 Differentiate between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells, in terms of their general structures and degrees of complexity.*
2.3 Distinguish between plant and animal cells.*
2.4 Describe how cells function in a narrow range of physical conditions, such as temperature and pH, to perform life functions that help to maintain homeostasis.
2.5 Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (diffusion, osmosis, and active transport).*
2.6 Identify the reactants and products in the general reaction of photosynthesis. Describe the use of isotopes in this identification.
2.7 Provide evidence that the organic compounds produced by plants are the primary source of energy and nutrients for most living things.*
2.8 Identify how cellular respiration is important for the production of ATP.
2.9 Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.*
2.10 Describe and compare the processes of mitosis and meiosis, and their role in the cell cycle.*

Boldface type indicates core standards for full-year courses. An asterisk (*) indicates core standards for integrated courses.

Last Updated: May 1, 2001
E-mail this page| Print View| Print Pdf  
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Search · A-Z Site Index · Policies · Site Info · Contact DESE