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Science and Technology/Engineering
Curriculum Framework - Spring 2001

Biology, Grades 9 or 10

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Additional Ideas for Developing Investigations and Learning Experiences and Suggested Extensions to Learning in Technology/Engineering are in Appendix III.


Broad Concept: Genes are a set of instructions encoded in the DNA sequence of each organism that specify the sequence of amino acids in proteins characteristic of that organism.

3.1 Describe the structure and function of DNA, and distinguish among replication, transcription, and translation.*
3.2 Describe the processes of replication, transcription, and translation and how they relate to each other in molecular biology.
3.3 Describe the general pathway by which ribosomes synthesize proteins by using tRNAs to translate genetic information encoded in mRNAs.
3.4 Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may be silent or result in phenotypic change in an organism and in its offspring.
3.5 Differentiate between dominant, recessive, codominant, polygenic, and sex-linked traits.
3.6 State Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment.
3.7 Use a Punnett Square to determine the genotype and phenotype of monohybrid crosses.*
3.8 Explain how zygotes are produced in the fertilization process.
3.9 Recognize that while viruses lack cellular structure, they have the genetic material to invade living cells.

Boldface type indicates core standards for full-year courses. An asterisk (*) indicates core standards for integrated courses.

Last Updated: May 1, 2001
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