Science and Technology/Engineering
Additional Ideas for Developing Investigations and Learning Experiences and Suggested Extensions to Learning in Technology/Engineering are in Appendix III.
Broad Concept: Genes are a set of instructions encoded in the DNA sequence of each organism that specify the sequence of amino acids in proteins characteristic of that organism.
|3.1 ||Describe the structure and function of DNA, and distinguish among replication, transcription, and translation.* |
|3.2 ||Describe the processes of replication, transcription, and translation and how they relate to each other in molecular biology.|
|3.3 ||Describe the general pathway by which ribosomes synthesize proteins by using tRNAs to translate genetic information encoded in mRNAs.|
|3.4 ||Explain how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may be silent or result in phenotypic change in an organism and in its offspring.|
|3.5 ||Differentiate between dominant, recessive, codominant, polygenic, and sex-linked traits.|
|3.6 ||State Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment.|
|3.7 ||Use a Punnett Square to determine the genotype and phenotype of monohybrid crosses.*|
|3.8 ||Explain how zygotes are produced in the fertilization process.|
|3.9 ||Recognize that while viruses lack cellular structure, they have the genetic material to invade living cells.|
Boldface type indicates core standards for full-year courses. An asterisk (*) indicates core standards for integrated courses.