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# Science and Technology/Engineering Curriculum Framework - Spring 2001

## Physics, Grades 9 or 10

Additional Ideas for Developing Investigations and Learning Experiences and Suggested Extensions to Learning in Technology/Engineering are in Appendix III.

### Heat and Heat Transfer

Broad Concept: Heat is energy that is transferred between bodies that are at different temperatures by the processes of convection, conduction, and/or radiation.

 3.1 Relate thermal energy to molecular motion.* 3.2 Differentiate between specific heat and heat capacity. 3.3 Explain the relationship among temperature change in a substance for a given amount of heat transferred, the amount (mass) of the substance, and the specific heat of the substance. 3.4 Recognize that matter exists in four phases, and explain what happens during a phase change.

Boldface type indicates core standards for full-year courses. An asterisk (*) indicates core standards for integrated courses.