Science and Technology/Engineering
Technology/Engineering, Grades 6-8
Please note:ds For grades 6-high school, there are suggested learning activities after each set of learning standards. The numbers in parentheses after each activity refer to the related technology/engineering learning standard(s).
Broad Concept: Engineering design is an iterative process involving modeling and optimizing for developing technological solutions to problems within given constraints.
|2.1 ||Identify and explain the steps of the engineering design process, i.e., identify the need or problem, research the problem, develop possible solutions, select the best possible solution(s), construct a prototype, test and evaluate, communicate the solution(s), and redesign.|
|2.2 ||Demonstrate methods of representing solutions to a design problem, e.g., sketches, orthographic projections, multiview drawings. |
|2.3 ||Describe and explain the purpose of a given prototype.|
|2.4 ||Identify appropriate materials, tools, and machines needed to construct a prototype of a given engineering design.|
|2.5|| Explain how such design features as size, shape, weight, function, and cost limitations would affect the construction of a given prototype.|
|2.6 ||Identify the five elements of a universal systems model: goal, inputs, processes, outputs, and feedback.|
Suggested Learning Activities
- Given a prototype, design a test to evaluate whether it meets the design specifications. (2.1)
- Using test results, modify the prototype to optimize the solution, i.e., bring the design closer to meeting the design constraints. (2.1)
- Communicate the results of an engineering design through a coherent written, oral, or visual presentation. (2.1)
- Develop plans, including drawings with measurements and details of construction, and construct a model of the solution, exhibiting a degree of craftsmanship. (2.2)