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Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System

2011, High School Biology

  Question 12: Open-Response  
The digestive enzymes in the table function in some organs to perform the chemical digestion of food. The major organs of the digestive system are the esophagus, large intestine, mouth, pharynx, small intestine, and stomach.
  1. List these six organs in the order in which food passes through them.
  2. Identify which of these organs is primarily responsible for absorbing nutrients from digested food.
  3. Describe the functions of two of the organs listed other than the one you identified in part (b).

Scoring Guide and Sample Student Work
Select a score point in the table below to view the sample student response.

ScoreDescription
4 Response demonstrates a thorough understanding of the digestive system and how it converts macromolecules into smaller molecules that can be used by cells. The response correctly lists the organs of the digestive system in order, correctly identifies which organ is primarily responsible for absorption, and correctly describes the functions of two other organs.
4
3
Response demonstrates a general understanding of the digestive system and how it converts macromolecules into smaller molecules that can be used by cells.
2
Response demonstrates a limited understanding of the digestive system and how it converts macromolecules into smaller molecules that can be used by cells.
1
Response demonstrates a minimal understanding of the digestive system and how it converts macromolecules into smaller molecules that can be used by cells.
0
Response is incorrect or contains some correct work that is irrelevant to the skill or concept being measured.

Note: There are 2 sample student responses for Score Point 4.

High School Biology

Question 12: Anatomy and Physiology
Question 23: Genetics
Question 32: Evolution and Biodiversity
Question 44: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Question 45: Ecology

Return to the MCAS 2011 Student Work Directory



Last Updated: September 25, 2015
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