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Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System

2012, High School Biology

  Question 23: Open-Response  
Various types of evidence can be used to distinguish organisms in different kingdoms.
  1. Describe two ways to distinguish bacteria from protists, using cell structures or means of obtaining nourishment.
  2. Describe two ways to distinguish fungi from plants, using cell structures or means of obtaining nourishment.

Scoring Guide and Sample Student Work
Select a score point in the table below to view the sample student response.

ScoreDescription
4 The response demonstrates a thorough understanding of how cellular evidence and modes of nutrition are used to describe and distinguish various kingdoms. The response correctly describes two ways to distinguish bacteria from protists, and fungi from plants, based on cell structure or means of obtaining nourishment.
4
3 The response demonstrates a general understanding of how cellular evidence and modes of nutrition are used to describe and distinguish various kingdoms.
2 The response demonstrates a limited understanding of how cellular evidence and modes of nutrition are used to describe and distinguish various kingdoms.
1 The response demonstrates a minimal understanding of how cellular evidence and modes of nutrition are used to describe and distinguish various kingdoms.
0 The response is incorrect or contains some correct work that is irrelevant to the skill or concept being measured.

Note: There are 2 sample student responses for Score Point 4.

High School Biology

Question 12: Evolution and Biodiversity
Question 23: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Question 32: Anatomy and Physiology
Question 44: Genetics
Question 45: Ecology

Return to the MCAS 2012 Student Work Directory



Last Updated: April 20, 2012
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