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Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System

2012, High School Biology

  Question 32: Open-Response  
The illustrations below show a smooth muscle cell and a skeletal muscle cell.
Diagram of smooth muscle cell and skeletal muscle cell. Smooth muscle cell is oblong with a dark center part. Skeletal muscle cell has a long cylinder shape, three dark ovals on the top, two dark ovals on the bottom, vertical stripes along its length, and a bundle of circles in cross-section.
  1. Identify one location where smooth muscle is found in the human body and whether smooth muscle is under voluntary or involuntary control.
  2. Identify one location where skeletal muscle is found in the human body and whether skeletal muscle is under voluntary or involuntary control.
The third type of muscle in the human body is cardiac muscle.
  1. Identify whether cardiac muscle is more similar to smooth muscle or skeletal muscle. Provide two reasons to support your answer.

Scoring Guide and Sample Student Work
Select a score point in the table below to view the sample student response.

ScoreDescription
4 The response demonstrates a thorough understanding of the various types of muscles in the muscular system. The response correctly identifies the locations of smooth and skeletal muscle, correctly identifies the control of smooth and skeletal muscle, and identifies whether cardiac muscle is more similar to smooth muscle or skeletal muscle, providing two clear reasons in support of the answer.
4
3 The response demonstrates a general understanding of the various types of muscles in the muscular system.
2 The response demonstrates a limited understanding of the various types of muscles in the muscular system.
1 The response demonstrates a minimal understanding of the various types of muscles in the muscular system.
0 The response is incorrect or contains some correct work that is irrelevant to the skill or concept being measured.

Note: There are 2 sample student responses for Score Point 4.

High School Biology

Question 12: Evolution and Biodiversity
Question 23: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Question 32: Anatomy and Physiology
Question 44: Genetics
Question 45: Ecology

Return to the MCAS 2012 Student Work Directory



Last Updated: September 15, 2016
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