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Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System

2012, Grade 5 Science and Technology/Engineering

 Question 7: Open-Response Reporting Category: Physical SciencesStandard: 4 - Identify the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic). Recognize that energy is the ability to cause motion or create change.Standard: 5 - Give examples of how energy can be transferred from one form to another. The picture below shows a battery-powered electric car. The chemical energy in the battery is changed into electrical energy when the car is being driven. The electrical energy is then changed into other forms of energy in the car.Identify three parts of the car that use electrical energy.Describe how electrical energy changes into another form of energy in each part of the car you identified in part (a).

Scoring Guide and Sample Student WorkSelect a score point in the table below to view the sample student response.

ScoreDescription
4 The response demonstrates a thorough understanding of the ways in which energy can be transferred from one form to another. The response correctly identifies three parts of the car that use electrical energy and clearly describes how electrical energy changes into another form of energy in each part of the car identified.
4
3 The response demonstrates a general understanding of the ways in which energy can be transferred from one form to another.
2 The response demonstrates a limited understanding of the ways in which energy can be transferred from one form to another.
1 The response demonstrates a minimal understanding of the ways in which energy can be transferred from one form to another.
0 The response is incorrect or contains some correct work that is irrelevant to the skill or concept being measured.

Note: There are 2 sample student responses for Score Point 4.