




Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System
2014, Grade 5 Mathematics
Question 21: OpenResponse 

Reporting Category: Number and Operations in Base Ten Standard: Mathematics.5.NBT.2.07  Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used. 
A class of 25 students is going on a field trip. The bus for the field trip will cost a total of $125. Each student will pay the same amount for the bus. What is the cost of the bus for each student? Show your work or explain how you got your answer.
On the field trip, students can purchase a lunch for $2.75, a bottle of water for $0.69, a snack for $1.25, and a Tshirt for $12.50. What is the total cost of one lunch, one bottle of water, one snack, and one Tshirt? Show your work or explain how you got your answer.
Harold is going on the field trip. He wants to buy a snack and a Tshirt. Harold has a total of $13.10. Does Harold have enough money to buy the snack and the Tshirt? Show your work or explain how you got your answer.

Scoring Guide and Sample Student Work Select a score point in the table below to view the sample student response.
Score  Description 
4 
The student response demonstrates an exemplary understanding of the Number Sense and Operations concepts involved in accurately and efficiently adding and subtracting decimals and dividing whole numbers. The student uses computations to solve realworld problems including dividing a threedigit whole number by a twodigit whole number and adding decimals. 
4 
3 
The student response demonstrates a good understanding of the Number Sense and Operations concepts involved in accurately and efficiently adding and subtracting decimals and dividing whole numbers. Although there is significant evidence that the student was able to recognize and apply the concepts involved, some aspect of the response is flawed. As a result the response merits 3 points. 
2 
The student response demonstrates a fair understanding of the Number Sense and Operations concepts involved in accurately and efficiently adding and subtracting decimals and dividing whole numbers. While some aspects of the task are completed correctly, others are not. The mixed evidence provided by the student merits 2 points. 
1 
The student response demonstrates a minimal understanding of the Number Sense and Operations concepts involved in accurately and efficiently adding and subtracting decimals and dividing whole numbers. 
0 
The student response contains insufficient evidence of an understanding of the Number Sense and Operations concepts involved in accurately and efficiently adding and subtracting decimals and dividing whole numbers to merit any points. 
Note: There are 2 sample student responses for Score Point 4.
Grade 5 Mathematics
 Question 10: Operations and Algebraic Thinking
 Question 21: Number and Operations in Base Ten
Return to the MCAS 2014 Student Work Directory
Last Updated: November 7, 2018


