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Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System

2014, Grade 5 Science and Technology/Engineering

  Question 10: Open-Response  
In parts of India, the spring season is typically hot and dry. As spring changes to summer, strong winds blow moist air over the land. The map below shows the direction of these strong summer winds.
The map shows India and the Indian Ocean. Curved arrows are drawn starting in the Indian Ocean and ending near or in India.
  1. Based on the map, identify the source of the moisture in the wind.
  2. Identify and describe the water cycle process that moves water from the source you identified in part (a) into the atmosphere. Be sure to include states of matter in your description.
  3. Describe how the moisture in the air causes clouds to form and rain to fall in India.

Scoring Guide and Sample Student Work
Select a score point in the table below to view the sample student response.

ScoreDescription
4 The response demonstrates a thorough understanding of how water on Earth cycles in different forms and in different locations and how the cycling of water, both in and out of the atmosphere, has an effect on climate. The response correctly identifies the source of the moisture in the wind. The response correctly identifies and clearly describes the water cycle process that moves water into the atmosphere. The response clearly describes how moisture in the air causes clouds to form and rain to fall in India.
4
3 The response demonstrates a general understanding of how water on Earth cycles in different forms and in different locations and how the cycling of water, both in and out of the atmosphere, has an effect on climate.
2 The response demonstrates a limited understanding of how water on Earth cycles in different forms and in different locations and how the cycling of water, both in and out of the atmosphere, has an effect on climate.
1 The response demonstrates a minimal understanding of how water on Earth cycles in different forms and in different locations and how the cycling of water, both in and out of the atmosphere, has an effect on climate.
0 The response is incorrect or contains some correct work that is irrelevant to the skill or concept being measured.

Note: There are 2 sample student responses for Score Point 4.

Grade 5 Science and Technology/Engineering

Question 9: Physical Sciences
Question 10: Earth and Space Science

Return to the MCAS 2014 Student Work Directory



Last Updated: July 11, 2016
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