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Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System

2016, Grade 5 Science and Technology/Engineering

  Question 20: Open-Response  
The shape of Earth’s surface is continually being changed over time. The picture below shows some mountains that are being changed by slow and rapid processes.
Picture of high mountains in background and smaller hills with some trees in foreground.
  1. Identify one natural process that can slowly change the shape of these mountains over many thousands of years.
  2. Describe how the process you identified in part (a) can slowly change the shape of these mountains.
  3. Identify one natural process that can rapidly change the shape of these mountains in a short period of time, such as days or weeks.
  4. Describe how the process you identified in part (c) can rapidly change the shape of these mountains.

Scoring Guide and Sample Student Work
Select a score point in the table below to view the sample student response.

ScoreDescription
4 The response demonstrates a thorough understanding of how the surface of Earth changes due to slow and rapid processes. The response correctly identifies and clearly describes one natural process that can slowly change the shape of the mountains over many thousands of years. The response correctly identifies and clearly describes one natural process that can rapidly change the shape of the mountains in a short period of time.
4
3 The response demonstrates a general understanding of how the surface of Earth changes due to slow and rapid processes.
2 The response demonstrates a limited understanding of how the surface of Earth changes due to slow and rapid processes.
1 The response demonstrates a minimal understanding of how the surface of Earth changes due to slow and rapid processes.
0 The response is incorrect or contains some correct work that is irrelevant to the skill or concept being measured.

Note: There are 2 sample student responses for Score Point 4.

Grade 5 Science and Technology/Engineering

Question 20: Earth and Space Science
Question 21: Physical Sciences

Return to the MCAS 2016 Student Work Directory



Last Updated: October 10, 2017
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