Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
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Trauma Sensitive Schools

What is Trauma?
Types of Traumatic Exposure
What is Complex Trauma?
Trauma Response and Reaction
Effects of Trauma
Effects on Children - By Function
Effects on Children - By Age

About Trauma: Effects of Trauma

Those individuals working with the child may not know of a child's exposure to traumatic events. Children exposed to trauma have a wide band of behaviors and reactions. It is critical that educators, schools, and communities build awareness and recognition around the effects of trauma on children and adults and respond with appropriate actions and interventions. Trauma impacts the entire scope of development for a child to include emotional, physical, psychomotor, cognitive, learning and behavioral arenas. The following sections provide a partial representation of what may be happening developmentally for a child exposed to trauma.

Last Updated: December 18, 2007
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