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Evidence-based Reading Instruction (EBRI)/STAR

Evidence-based Reading Instruction (EBRI)

Evidence-Based Reading Instruction (EBRI) refers to "practices for teaching the essential components of reading that are proven to increase the reading achievement of adult learners" (Reading Excellence Act, 1999). The four essential components of reading are:1

  • Alphabetics, including phonemic awareness, phonics, and decoding, is the process readers use to identify words. Readers must rely on alphabetic knowledge and decoding skills to read unfamiliar words.

  • Fluency is the ability to read accurately, at an appropriate rate, and with prosody. Without fluency, readers attend more to decoding than to understanding the meaning of what they are reading. When word and sentence reading are automatic and fluent, readers can concentrate more fully on understanding and connecting sentences and paragraphs, enabling them to create meaning from the text. Reading fluency includes oral reading skills.

  • Vocabulary is the body of words whose meanings a person knows and understands. Vocabulary knowledge-specifically, the depth, breadth, and flexibility of a person's knowledge about words-is a primary predictor of reading success.

  • Reading comprehension is the process and product of understanding text, and requires a high level of metacognitive engagement with text.

"The success of these [EBRI] practices is demonstrated in two ways: by research-study data collected according to rigorous design, and also by consensus among expert practitioners who monitor outcomes as part of their practice. These results-whether scientific data or expert consensus-must be valid and reliable and come from a variety of sources." (Reading Excellence Act, 1999).

Research has also identified the following EBRI best practices when teaching the essential components of reading:

  • Use of diagnostic reading assessments to determine and prioritize individual learners' areas of strengths and needs in the four components;
  • Provision of direct and explicit instruction, using the most relevant EBRI techniques suited to the specific levels of instruction for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students;
  • Instruction and materials that are engaging and relevant to learners' needs; and
  • Instruction that is formatively assessed-continuously monitored by teacher and learners to gauge its effectiveness.

Download MS WORD Document
Provision of Instruction in the Essential Components of Reading: Guidance to Prepare for FY18
Download MS WORD Document
Evidence-Based Reading Instruction Q&A
View External Link
WIOA Brief Essential Components of Reading
Download PowerPoint Presentation
Strengthening Reading Instruction Using EBRI 2017 Directors Meeting PPT

Massachusetts' STAR Initiative

The purpose of the STAR initiative is to improve student outcomes by building the capacity of the Massachusetts ABE system to implement evidence-based reading instruction in community adult learning centers and adult basic education programs in correctional institutions. All ABE programs with GLE 4.0-8.9 level classes will participate in STAR during the FY2013-2017 funding cycle.

The  STAR Logo  Vision
is to establish structures and practices at the classroom, program, and state levels to support evidence-based reading instruction for intermediate level readers (GLE 4.0-8.9/Pre-ASE) that results in increased learner outcomes.

STAR Logo  structures and practices include:

  • use of diagnostic assessments

  • student grouping according to instructional needs that are based upon the results of the diagnostic assessments

  • explicit instruction that includes an organized STAR daily class routine

  • planning and delivery of evidence-based reading instructional strategies in fluency, alphabetics, vocabulary, and comprehension that is responsive to student needs

  • monitoring outcomes and adjusting instruction as students' needs change

Download PDF Document  Download Powerpoint Presentation
Preparing for STAR FY17
Download PDF Document  Download MS WORD Document
FY2017 STAR Handbook

For more information about STAR visit the OCTAE STAR website.




Last Updated: June 19, 2017
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