Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Go to Selected Program Area
 Massachusetts State Seal
 News  School/District Profiles  School/District Administration  Educator Services  Assessment/Accountability  Family & Community  
 Special Communities  Adult Basic Education  Alternative Learning  Students & Families <  


Future Ready Logo

Alternative Education

About Alternative Education

Definition of Alternative Education
Common Elements of Alternative Education
Factors that Place Students At Risk
Frequently Asked Questions and Promising Practices

Factors that Place Students At Risk

There are many factors that may place students at risk - including school, student, community, and family related factors. The following list was adapted from the publication by SE Wells (1990) At Risk Youth: Identification, Programs, and Recommendations.

Student Related:

  • Attendance/truancy
  • Behavior/discipline problems
  • Pregnancy/parenting
  • Drug Abuse
  • Poor peer relationships
  • Suspension/expulsion
  • Friends have dropped out
  • Illness/disability

Family Related:

  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Dysfunctional home life
  • Low parental involvement
  • Low parental expectations
  • Non-English speaking home
  • Domestic violence

School Related:

  • Conflict between home and school culture
  • Ineffective discipline system
  • Lack of adequate counseling
  • Negative school climate
  • Lack of relevant curriculum
  • Passive instructional strategies
  • Inappropriate use of technology
  • Disregard of student learning styles
  • Suspension/expulsion
  • Low expectations
  • Lack of language instruction

Community Related:

  • Lack of community support services
  • Lack of community support for schools
  • High incidence of criminal activity
  • Lack of school/community linkage
  • High mobility / homelessness

Last Updated: January 2, 2008
E-mail this page| Print View| Print Pdf  
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Search · Site Index · Policies · Site Info · Contact ESE