Alternative Education

About Alternative Education

Factors that Place Students At Risk

There are many factors that may place students at risk - including school, student, community, and family related factors. The following list was adapted from the publication by SE Wells (1990) At Risk Youth: Identification, Programs, and Recommendations.

Student Related:

  • Attendance/truancy
  • Behavior/discipline problems
  • Pregnancy/parenting
  • Drug Abuse
  • Poor peer relationships
  • Suspension/expulsion
  • Friends have dropped out
  • Illness/disability

Family Related:

  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Dysfunctional home life
  • Low parental involvement
  • Low parental expectations
  • Non-English speaking home
  • Domestic violence

School Related:

  • Conflict between home and school culture
  • Ineffective discipline system
  • Lack of adequate counseling
  • Negative school climate
  • Lack of relevant curriculum
  • Passive instructional strategies
  • Inappropriate use of technology
  • Disregard of student learning styles
  • Suspension/expulsion
  • Low expectations
  • Lack of language instruction

Community Related:

  • Lack of community support services
  • Lack of community support for schools
  • High incidence of criminal activity
  • Lack of school/community linkage
  • High mobility / homelessness
Contact Us

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
75 Pleasant Street, Malden, MA 02148-4906

Voice: (781) 338-3000
TTY: (800) 439-2370


Disclaimer: A reference in this website to any specific commercial products, processes, or services, or the use of any trade, firm, or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.