A core literacy block in grades preK–3 should allocate time for the three main components: Foundational Skills, Engaging with Complex Text, and Writing.
Oral language, a bedrock of literacy, develops throughout all three components.
Oral language develops through speaking and listening interactions, engaging with text, and explicit language instruction across all components of the literacy block.
Vocabulary, Syntax, and Grammar
All three core components can include differentiated instruction, such as small group instruction, independent, or center-based activities, depending on student needs.