Mass Literacy

Components of the Core Literacy Block

The core literacy block includes three main components: Foundational Skills, Engaging with Complex Text, and Writing. Oral Language is the bedrock, and differentiated instruction happens throughout.

Foundational Skills

The core literacy block includes systematic instruction with active practice in foundational skills every day in grades preK–3.


Engaging with Complex Text

The core literacy block includes reading or listening to authentic and meaningful texts every day in grades preK–3.

Writing

The core literacy block includes systematic writing instruction with active practice every day in grades preK–3.

A core literacy block in grades preK–3 should allocate time for the three main components: Foundational Skills, Engaging with Complex Text, and Writing.

Oral language, a bedrock of literacy, develops throughout all three components.

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Oral Language

Oral language develops through speaking and listening interactions, engaging with text, and explicit language instruction across all components of the literacy block.


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All three core components can include differentiated instruction, such as small group instruction, independent, or center-based activities, depending on student needs.

 
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