Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Logo
Special Education

English | 繁體中文 | Kreyòl Ayisyen | português​ | español | Việt​

Indicator 12: Early Childhood Transition (Part C to B Transition)

What Is Indicator 12?

Indicator 12 measures the percentage of children referred from Early Intervention who are found eligible for special education services and who have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) implemented on their 3rd birthday.

Why Is Indicator 12 Important?

  • Indicator 12 is one way that Massachusetts ensures that schools and districts comply with Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) regulations (34 CFR 300.124 and 34 CFR 300.323) and Massachusetts special education regulations (603 CMR 28:04 – 28:06) for the transition of children from Early Intervention (birth to age 3) to special education (ages 3 to 22 years old).
  • This Indicator ensures that children are evaluated in a timely way so that those determined eligible are receiving needed services and supports without unnecessary delay.
  • If children do not receive evaluations and IEP services according to legally required timelines, this may result in delay or denial of a free and appropriate public education.

How is Indicator 12 data collected?

  • Indicator 12 data comes from information that school districts submit to the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE).
  • The information includes:
    • Date school district received referral from Early Intervention.
    • Date parents consented to initial evaluation.
    • Date of team meeting.
    • Whether the student was eligible for services.
    • Reasons for delays.
  • DESE reviews the submitted information to determine Indicator 12 compliance.

How is Indicator 12 calculated?

Indicator 12 is measured using:

  • Number of children served in Early Intervention and referred to special education.
  • Number of children referred and determined not eligible.
  • Number of children found eligible with an IEP in place by their 3rd birthdays.
  • Number of children for whom parent refusal to provide consent caused delays in evaluation or services OR to whom allowable exceptions applied under 34 CFR §300.301(d).
  • Number of children determined eligible for Early Intervention services less than 90 days before their 3rd birthdays

Indicator 12 Data

Because this is a measure of compliance, the federal government requires a target of 100% compliance.

School Year2016-20172017-20182018-20192019-20202020-20212021-2022
Percentage Statewide Compliance99.17%92.12%82.93%72.45%57.58%64.55%

Learn More about Indicator 12:

Additional Resources:

Last Updated: May 17, 2024

Contact Us

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
135 Santilli Highway, Everett, MA 02149

Voice: (781) 338-3000
TTY: (800) 439-2370


Disclaimer: A reference in this website to any specific commercial products, processes, or services, or the use of any trade, firm, or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.